Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India. Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. He came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015. In 1997, Kalam received India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, for his contribution to the scientific research and modernisation of defence technology in India. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan for his work with ISRO and DRDO and his role as a scientific advisor to the Government. In 2013, he was the recipient of the Von Braun Award the National Space Society to recognize excellence in the management and leadership of a space-related project.
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